Learn the kinds of Writing: Expository, Descriptive, Persuasive, and Narrative

If you stay focused on your purpose whether you write essays, business materials, fiction, articles, letters, or even just notes in your journal, your writing will be at its best. While there are lots of explanations why you might be putting pen to paper or tapping away on the keyboard, you can find really only four main types of writing: expository, descriptive, persuasive, and narrative.

Every one of these four writing genres has a distinct aim, plus they all require various kinds of writing skills. It’s also possible to have heard them referred to in an academic setting as modes of discourse or rhetorical modes. Institutions of higher learning teach nine rhetorical that is traditional, but the almost all pieces we have been called upon to publish will have one of these brilliant four main purposes.

Expository Writing

The word expository provides the word expose, so the reason expository is an apt descriptor for this kind of writing is that it exposes, or sets forth, facts. It really is one of the most common writing genre you will find throughout your day. In an expository piece, an interest should be introduced and laid call at a logical order regardless of the author’s personal opinions.

Expository writing can be found in:

Textbooks Journalism (aside from opinion and editorial articles) Business writing Technical writing Essays Instructions

Many of these kinds of writing are expository since they aim to explain and inform.

Since this paragraph supplies your reader with facts and figures about its topic, the new bike trails, without offering the author’s opinion about it, it really is expository.

Descriptive Writing

The aim of descriptive writing will be help the reader visualize, at length, a character, event, place, or most of these plain things at the same time. The writer might describe the scene in terms of all five senses. Descriptive writing allows the writer a great deal more artistic freedom than expository writing does.

Descriptive writing are available in:

Fiction Poetry Advertising Journal and writing that is diary

Through description, this passage paints a vivid image of a scene in the new bike trail.

The goal of persuasive writing, or argumentation, is to influence your reader to assume the point that is author’s of. The author will express opinions that are personal the piece and arm him- or herself with evidence so the reader will agree with her or him.

Persuasive writing are available in:


Advertising Opinion and editorial pieces Reviews Job applications

a wide range of statements in this paragraph are opinion in place of fact: that the bike trail is a gem that is glittering that the facilities are clean and convenient, and therefore life in Happyville is idyllic. Clearly, the author’s aim here is to utilize these depictions to persuade readers to make use of the bike trail.

The purpose of narrative writing would be to tell a story, whether that story is real or imaginary. Pieces in a narrative style will have characters, and through the narrative, the reader learns what the results are to them. Narrative writing can include dialogue also.

Narrative writing can be found in:

Various types of fiction (e.g., novels, short stories, novellas) Poetry Biographies Human interest stories Anecdotes

“Whatcha doing?” I asked.

“Nothing,” they chirped in unison.

In this passage, the author sets the scene in the bike trail from his or her own point of view (that will be referred to as narrating in the first person). Using both description and dialogue, the story that takes place is laid out in chronological order.

Simply puzzling out which of the four forms of writing best suits your purpose and adhering to it will also help you write more efficiently and effectively.

  • Expository writing sets forth facts. You’ll find it in textbooks, journalism (except opinion or editorial articles), business writing, technical writing, essays, and instructions.
  • Descriptive writing evokes images through rich description. There is it in fiction, poetry, journal writing, and advertising.
  • Persuasive writing is designed to sway the reader toward the point that is author’s of. It really is used heavily in advertising, and may additionally be present in editorial and opinion pieces, reviews, and job applications.
  • Narrative writing tells a story. It may be found in fiction, poetry, biographies, human interest stories, and anecdotes.